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J Am Chem Soc. 2002 Jan 9;124(1):6-7.

Simple Cu(I) complexes with unprecedented excited-state lifetimes.

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Department of Chemistry, Purdue University, 1393 Brown Building,West Lafayette, Indiana 47907-1393, USA.


This report describes new, readily accessible copper(I) complexes that can exhibit unusually long-lived, high quantum yield emissions in fluid solution. The complexes are of the form [Cu(NN)(POP)]+ where NN denotes 1,10-phenanthroline (phen), 2,9-dimethyl-1,10-phenanthroline (dmp) or 2,9-di-n-butyl-1,10-phenanthroline (dbp) and POP denotes bis[2-(diphenylphosphino)phenyl] ether. Modes of characterization include X-ray crystallography and cyclic voltammetry. The complexes each have a pseudotetrahedral coordination geometry and a Cu(II)/Cu(I) potential upward of +1.2 V vs Ag/AgCl. In room-temperature dichloromethane solution, charge-transfer excited states of the dmp and dbp derivatives exhibit respective emission quantum yields of 0.15 and 0.16 and corresponding excited-state lifetimes of 14.3 and 16.1 mus, respectively. Despite the fact that coordinating solvents usually quench charge-transfer emission from copper systems, the photoexcited dmp (dbp) complex retains a lifetime of 2.4 mus (5.4 mus) in methanol.


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