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Biotechniques. 2001 Dec;31(6):1364-6, 1368, 1370-2.

Consensus PCR and microarray for diagnosis of the genus Staphylococcus, species, and methicillin resistance.

Author information

1
Laboratoire de Biochimie Cellulaire, Facult├ęs Universitaires Notre-Dame de la Paix, Namur, Belgium. sandrine.hamels@fundp.ac.be

Abstract

We propose the use of DNA microarray for the discrimination of homologous products after a single PCR amplification with consensus primers. The method was applied to Staphylococcus identification. The femA nucleotide sequences, which are phylogenetically conserved among the staphylococci, were first amplified using a consensus primer pair together with the mecA sequence, a molecular marker for methicillin resistance. Products were then identified on a glass array. The microarray contained five selective DNA capture probes for the simultaneous and differential identification of the five most clinically relevant staphylococcal species (S. aureus, S. epidermidis, S. haemolyticus, S. hominis, and S. saprophyticus), while a consensus capture probe could detect all femA sequences, allowing the identification of the genus Staphylococcus. The mecA sequence hybridized to a specific capture probe. The identification was univocal because only a single capture probe had to be present for each sequence to be identified. The hybridization and identification processes were completed in less than 2 h. Current results demonstrate that low-density microarrays are powerful multigenotypic post-PCR analyzers and could compete with conventional bacteria identification.

PMID:
11768666
DOI:
10.2144/01316md04
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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