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Chronobiol Int. 2001 Sep;18(5):841-9.

Morning-evening administration time differences in digoxin kinetics in healthy young subjects.

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Osmangazi University, School of Medicine, Department of Pharmacology, Eskisehir, Turkey.


Digoxin, frequently used in the treatment of congestive heart failure, has a very narrow therapeutic index. We studied the differences in digoxin pharmacokinetics when ingested in the morning versus evening. A single digoxin (0.25 mg) dose was given orally to the same group of 10 diurnally active healthy (6 male and 4 female) volunteers in the morning at 08:00 and evening at 20:00 in separate experiments scheduled 2 weeks apart. Blood samples were collected at specific times for 48h after each timed dose; digoxin was determined by radioimmunoassay (RIA). Maximum plasma concentration Cmax; Tmax, the time to reach Cmax; area under plasma concentration curve AUC; and elimination half-time T1/2 of digoxin were determined. Tmax was statistically significantly shorter (54 min) following 08:00 dosing com pared to 20:00 dosing (96 min). Although the Cmax was higher after morning than evening dosing, it was not significantly so. No other parameter of digoxin pharmacokinetics except Tmax exhibited administration time dependency.

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