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J Clin Psychopharmacol. 2001 Dec;21(6):549-55.

The effect of CYP2C19 and CYP2D6 genotypes on the metabolism of clomipramine in Japanese psychiatric patients.

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1
Department of Psychiatry, Shiga University of Medical Science, Otsu, Japan.

Abstract

In this study, the authors investigated the relationship between the metabolism of clomipramine (C) and the genotypes of cytochrome P450 (CYP) CYP2C19 and CYP2D6. Fifty-one Japanese patients (18 men and 33 women) were administered 10 to 250 mg/day of C by mouth and maintained on the same daily dose of C for at least 2 weeks to obtain steady-state concentrations. Plasma levels of C and its metabolites N-desmethylclomipramine (DC), 8-hydroxyclomipramine, and 8-hydroxy-N-desmethylclomipramine (HDC) were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography. The allele frequencies of CYP2C19*2, CYP2C19*3, CYP2D6*5, and CYP2D6*10 were 27.5%, 12.8%, 2.9%, and 43.1%, respectively. Subjects who were homozygous for mutated alleles of CYP2C19 showed approximately 75% higher concentrations of C corrected by dose and body weight compared with those who were homozygous for wild-type alleles. Also, subjects who were homozygous for mutated alleles of CYP2C19 showed an approximately 68% higher value of C/DC compared with those who were homozygous for wild-type alleles. No significant difference in the ratio of DC/HDC was observed between subjects who were homozygous for mutated alleles of CYP2D6 and those who were homozygous for wild-type alleles. These results suggest that genotyping CYP2C19 is useful for grossly predicting the risk of getting high plasma concentrations of C and the low individual capacity to demethylate C because there is marked interindividual variability within each genotype. However, the genotyping of CYP2D6 is not useful for predicting the individual capacity to hydroxylate DC.

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