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Top Health Inf Manage. 2001 Nov;22(2):15-23.

Disease management as a performance improvement strategy.

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Onslow County Hospital Authority/Onslow Memorial Hospital, Jacksonville, North Carolina, USA.


Disease management is a strategy of organizing care and services for a patient population across the continuum. It is characterized by a population database, interdisciplinary and interagency collaboration, and evidence-based clinical information. The effectiveness of a disease management program has been measured by a combination of clinical, financial, and quality of life outcomes. In early 1997, driven by a strategic planning process that established three Centers of Excellence (COE), we implemented disease management as the foundation for a new approach to performance improvement utilizing five key strategies. The five implementation strategies are outlined, in addition to a review of the key elements in outcome achievement.

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