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Br J Clin Psychol. 2001 Nov;40(Pt 4):429-34.

Normative data for the HADS from a large non-clinical sample.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, King's College, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB24 2UB, UK. j.crawford@abdn.ac.uk

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To provide normative data for the Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale (HADS).

DESIGN:

Repeated measures and correlational.

METHODS:

The HADS was administered to a non-clinical sample, broadly representative of the general adult UK population (N = 1792) in terms of the distributions of age, gender and occupational status. Correlational analysis was used to determine the influence of demographic variables on HADS scores.

RESULTS:

Demographic variables had only very modest influences on HADS scores. The reliability of the HADS is acceptable; the Anxiety and Depression scales are moderately correlated (.53). Tables to convert raw scores to percentiles are presented for females and males.

CONCLUSIONS:

The present normative data allow clinicians to assess the rarity of a given HADS score, and thus provide a useful supplement to existing cut-off scores.

PMID:
11760618
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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