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Harefuah. 2001 Nov;140(11):1062-7, 1117.

[Micronutrient (vitamins and minerals) supplementation for the elderly, suggested by a special committee nominated by Ministry of Health].

[Article in Hebrew]

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Institute of Biochemistry Food Science and Nutrition, Faculty of Agriculture, Hebrew University, Israel.


The elderly tend to be at a higher risk for nutritional deficiencies and in particular for micronutrient deficiencies. A committee nominated by Ministry of Health examined the relevant literature and the local recommendations as well as the recommendations from other countries and suggested a daily special micronutrient supplementation for institutionalized elderly. The preparatory will contain about half the RDA for most of the micronutrients, except for fluorine that is recommended at a lower level and biotin, vitamins D, C, B12 as well as zinc, copper and molybdenum at a level higher than half the RDA. Major elements such as calcium, are not included in the preparatory and would be supplied separately when needed. Vitamin K and iron are excluded as well. The suggested preparatory composition, mg: vitamin A, 0.450; vitamin D, 0.015; vitamin E, 10; thiamin, 0.6 Pound riboflavin, 0.7; biotin, 0.030; pantothenic acid, 3; niacin, 8; vitamin C, 60; vitamin B6, 0.8; folic acid, 0.120; vitamin B12, 0.0024; choline up to 275; zinc, 8; copper, 0.9; fluorine, 0.5; manganese, 1.2; chromium 0.020; molybdenum, 0.045; selenium, 0.030; and iodine, 0.075. Fat-soluble vitamins should be microencapsulated. Micronutrient supplementation is part of Ministry of Health balanced nutrition policy. The committees recommendations are also applicable for the free-living elderly.

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