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Curr Opin Pharmacol. 2001 Dec;1(6):568-74.

Enhancement of intestinal growth and repair by growth factors.

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Child Health Research Institute, North Adelaide, South Australia.


Recently, glucagon-like peptide 2 has emerged as a potent stimulator of epithelial growth, joining insulin-like growth factor I, hepatocyte growth factor and keratinocyte growth factor as potential treatment modalities for intestinal disorders associated with loss of mucosal mass, such as short bowel syndrome. Investigations into other members of the expanded epidermal growth factor peptide family, the development of more potent peptide analogues, and advances in the development of enterally administered bioactive growth factor formulations further expands the repertoire of epithelial growth factors applicable to conditions associated with epithelial insufficiency.

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