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Radiology. 2002 Jan;222(1):219-26.

Nipah virus encephalitis: serial MR study of an emerging disease.

Author information

1
Department of Neuroradiology, National Neuroscience Institute, 11 Jalan Tan Tock Seng, Singapore 308433, Singapore. tchoyoson_lim@notes.ttsh.gov.sg

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To report the serial magnetic resonance (MR) imaging findings of the Nipah virus.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Twelve patients underwent serial MR imaging. Eight patients were examined at the outbreak; 11, at 1 month; and seven, at 6 months. Contrast material-enhanced MR images, diffusion-weighted images, and single-voxel proton MR spectroscopic images were reviewed. Clinical and neurologic assessment, as well as analysis of the size, location, and appearance of brain lesions on MR images, were performed.

RESULTS:

During the outbreak, all eight patients had multiple small foci of high signal intensity within the white matter on T2-weighted images. In six patients, cortical and brain stem lesions were also detected, and five patients had diffusion-weighted MR imaging-depicted hyperintensities. One month after the outbreak, five patients had widespread tiny foci of high signal intensity on T1-weighted images, particularly in the cerebral cortex. Diffusion-weighted images showed decreased prominence or disappearance of lesions over time. There was no evidence of progression or relapse of the lesions at 6-month follow-up. MR spectroscopy depicted reduction in N-acetylaspartate-to-creatine ratio and elevation of choline-to-creatine ratios.

CONCLUSION:

The Nipah virus has findings unlike other viral encephalitides: small lesions that are primarily within the white matter, with transient punctate cortical hyperintensities on T1-weighted images.

PMID:
11756729
DOI:
10.1148/radiol.2221010499
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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