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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002 Jan 8;99(1):359-64. Epub 2001 Dec 26.

Phosphoinositide 3-kinase and Bruton's tyrosine kinase regulate overlapping sets of genes in B lymphocytes.

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Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, USA.


Bruton's tyrosine kinase (Btk) acts downstream of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) in a pathway required for B cell receptor (BCR)-dependent proliferation. We used DNA microarrays to determine what fraction of genes this pathway influences and to investigate whether PI3K and Btk mediate distinct gene regulation events. As complete loss-of-function mutations in PI3K and Btk alter B cell subpopulations and may cause compensatory changes in gene expression, we used B cells with partial loss of function in either PI3K or Btk. Only about 5% of the BCR-dependent gene expression changes were significantly affected by reduced PI3K or Btk. The results indicate that PI3K and Btk share target genes, and that PI3K influences additional genes independently of Btk. These data are consistent with PI3K acting through Btk and other effectors to regulate expression of a critical subset of BCR target genes that determine effective entry into the cell cycle.

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