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FEBS Lett. 2002 Jan 2;510(1-2):99-104.

Inhibition of PI3K/p70 S6K and p38 MAPK cascades increases osteoblastic differentiation induced by BMP-2.

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Unitat de Bioquímica, Departament de Ciències Fisiològiques II, Campus de Bellvitge, Universitat de Barcelona, C/Feixa Llarga s/n, 08907 L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Spain.


Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) transdifferentiate C2C12 cells from the myogenic to the osteogenic lineage. In this work we examine the role of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/p70 S6 kinase (PI3K/p70 S6K) and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK) cascades in the osteogenic effects of BMP-2. BMP-2 stimulated both cascades transiently (maximal at 1 h and decreasing thereafter). In contrast, BMP-2 had no effect on p42/p44 MAPK (Erks) stimulation. We also analyzed the effects of selective inhibitors of these pathways on the expression of osteogenic markers. Inhibitors of p38 MAPK (SB203580) or the PI3K/p70 S6K pathway (Ly294002 and rapamycin) not only fail to block the osteoblast phenotype induced by BMP-2, measured as induction of Cbfa1 expression and transcriptional activity, but also potentiate the effect of BMP-2 on late osteoblast markers, such as alkaline phosphatase activity and osteocalcin expression. These data suggest that, in contrast to their positive effect on myogenic differentiation, PI3K/p70 S6K and p38 MAPK cascades have a negative role in osteoblast differentiation.

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