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Microbes Infect. 2001 Nov-Dec;3(14-15):1293-8.

Salmonella entry into host cells: the work in concert of type III secreted effector proteins.

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Department of Biological Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA.


Upon contact with intestinal epithelial cells, Salmonella enterica serovar spp. inject a set of bacterial proteins into host cells via the bacterial SPI-1 type III secretion system. SopE, SopE2 and SopB, activate CDC42 and Rac to initiate actin cytoskeleton rearrangements. SipA and SipC, two Salmonella actin-binding proteins, directly modulate host actin dynamics to facilitate bacterial uptake. SptP promotes the recovery of the actin cytoskeleton rearrangements by antagonizing CDC42 and Rac. Therefore, Salmonella-induced reversible actin cytoskeleton rearrangements are the result of two coordinated steps: (i) stimulation of host signal transduction to indirectly promote actin rearrangements and (ii) direct modulation of actin dynamics.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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