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Eur J Pharmacol. 2002 Jan 2;434(1-2):81-6.

Pathogenesis of nicotine treatment and its withdrawal on stress-induced gastric ulceration in rats.

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Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, 1/F, Li Shu Fan Building, 5 Sassoon Road, Hong Kong, PR China.


Previous studies showed that cigarette smoking was closely associated with gastric ulceration. People usually smoke under stress conditions, and together, these could induce more gastric damage. In the present study, we aimed to study the effects of nicotine administration and its withdrawal on stress-induced gastric ulceration in rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were given nicotine (25 or 50 microg/ml) for 10 days and then withdrawn for 2, 4 or 6 days. They were subjected to cold-restraint stress for 2 h after nicotine treatment or after nicotine withdrawal, and then killed. The results indicated that both nicotine treatment and its withdrawal potentiated stress-induced gastric damage. The mucosal glutathione (GSH) and mucus levels were reduced by stress and decreased further by nicotine. The prostaglandin E(2) concentration remained unchanged. To conclude, the adverse effect of nicotine on stress ulceration was prostaglandin E(2)-independent but mediated by the depression of glutathione and mucus levels in the gastric mucosa.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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