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Eur J Pharmacol. 2001 Dec 21;433(2-3):141-50.

Species-related pharmacological heterogeneity of histamine H(3) receptors.

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Neuroscience Research, Department R4MN, Abbott Laboratories, Building AP9A, 100 Abbott Park Road, Abbott Park, IL 60064-6125, USA.


We compared radioligand binding and functional data for histamine H(3) receptor ligands across different tissues or species to evaluate the basis for pharmacological evidence of receptor heterogeneity previously reported. Agonist binding affinities showed correlation coefficients near unity in comparing human, dog, rat, and guinea pig cerebral cortical histamine H(3) receptors. Antagonist binding affinities revealed lower correlations for human compared to dog, rat, or guinea pig, suggesting species-based pharmacological differences. The functional potencies of histamine H(3) receptor antagonists in field-stimulated guinea pig ileum were highly correlated to binding affinities for guinea pig, dog, and, to a lesser extent, rat cerebral cortex. However, antagonist binding affinity at human cerebral cortex did not correlate well with guinea pig ileum functional potency. These results suggest significant interspecies histamine H(3) receptor heterogeneity, consistent with recent receptor gene sequence data. Therefore, genetic heterogeneity, rather than peripheral and central histamine H(3) receptor diversity, is responsible for the pharmacological differences observed.

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