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Neurobiol Aging. 2001 Nov-Dec;22(6):983-91.

Ibuprofen effects on Alzheimer pathology and open field activity in APPsw transgenic mice.

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  • 1VAGLAHS-Sepulveda GRECC, Departments of Medicine and Neurology, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, USA.


We previously showed the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) ibuprofen suppresses inflammation and amyloid in the APPsw (Tg2576) Tg2576 transgenic mouse. The mechanism for these effects and the impact on behavior are unknown. We now show ibuprofen's effects were not mediated by alterations in amyloid precursor protein (APP) expression or oxidative damage (carbonyls). Six months ibuprofen treatment in Tg+ females caused a decrease in open field behavior (p < 0.05), restoring values similar to Tg- mice. Reduced caspase activation per plaque provided further evidence for a neuroprotective action of ibuprofen. The impact of a shorter 3 month duration ibuprofen trial, beginning at a later age (from 14 to 17 months), was also investigated. Repeated measures ANOVA of Abeta levels (soluble and insoluble) demonstrated a significant ibuprofen treatment effect (p < 0.05). Post-hoc analysis showed that ibuprofen-dependent reductions of both soluble Abeta and Abeta42 were most marked in entorhinal cortex (p < 0.05). Although interleukin-1beta and insoluble Abeta were more effectively reduced with longer treatment, the magnitude of the effect on soluble Abeta was not dependent on treatment duration.

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