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J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2002 Jan;300(1):305-13.

The effects of deleting the mouse neurotensin receptor NTR1 on central and peripheral responses to neurotensin.

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Department of Neuroscience, Merck Research Laboratories, West Point, Pennsylvania 19486, USA.


Mice deficient in the neurotensin (NT)-1 receptor (NTR1) were developed to characterize the NT receptor subtypes that mediate various in vivo responses to NT. F2 generation (C57BL6/Sv129J) NTR1 knockout (-/-) mice were viable, and showed normal growth and overt behavior. The -/- mice lacked detectable NTR1 radioligand binding in brain, whereas NTR2 receptor binding density appeared normal compared with wild-type (+/+) mice. The gene deletion also resulted in the loss of NTR1 expression as determined by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and in situ hybridization. Intracerebroventricular injection of NT (1 microg) to +/+ mice caused a robust hypothermic response (5-6 degrees C) and a significant increase in hot-plate latency. These effects were absent in the -/- mice. Similar results were obtained with i.p. injections of the brain-penetrant NT analog NMe-Arg-Lys-Pro-Trp-Tle-Leu (NT-2, 1 mg/kg i.p.). NT-2 administration also impaired rotarod performance in wild-type mice, but had no effect on motor coordination in knockout mice. In vitro, NT and NT-2 at 30 nM caused predominantly contraction and relaxation in isolated distal colon and proximal ileum, respectively, from +/+ mice, but no responses were observed with tissues from -/- mice. A similar loss of the contractile effects of NT was observed in the isolated stomach fundus from the knockout mice. In vivo, NT-2 administration reduced colonic propulsion substantially in wild-type mice. In contrast, NT-2 had no effect in NTR1 null mice, whereas the hypomotility effect of clonidine was intact. These data indicate that NTR1 mediates several of the central and peripheral effects of NT.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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