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J Immunol. 2002 Jan 1;168(1):232-9.

CD5-negative regulation of B cell receptor signaling pathways originates from tyrosine residue Y429 outside an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif.

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  • 1Laboratoire d'Immunologie Cellulaire, Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale, Unité 543, Groupe Hospitalier Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris, France.


CD5 is a cell surface receptor that negatively regulates B cell function, but whose relationship to the immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (ITIM) family of B cell inhibitory receptors is unclear. Using Fcgamma type IIB receptor-CD5 chimeras encompassing the cytoplasmic domain of CD5, we previously showed that a particular region of the molecule containing two tyrosine residues, Y429 and Y441, in an amino acid stretch similar to the Src autophosphorylation motif and a putative ITIM, respectively, antagonized early signaling events triggered through the B cell receptor (BCR). In this study, we provide evidences that only Y429 is mandatory for the inhibition by CD5 of the calcium response activated via the BCR. This residue also efficiently controls inhibition of the Ras/extracellular signal-related kinase-2 pathway. Analyzing the membrane translocation of the AKT protooncogene using its 3'-phosphoinositide-specific pleckstrin homology domain fused to the green fluorescent protein as a probe, we also show that CD5 strongly impairs its cellular redistribution and demonstrate the role played by Y429 in this process. We finally report that Y429 controls almost exclusively CD5 phosphorylation as well as inhibition of BCR-triggered IL-2 production upon coaggregation of the two receptors. Thus, CD5 uses an ITIM-independent strategy, centered on Y429, the major tyrosine-phosphorylated residue in its cytoplasmic domain, to inhibit BCR activation.

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