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J Biol Chem. 2002 Mar 22;277(12):9655-60. Epub 2001 Dec 19.

The roles of thioredoxin in protection against oxidative stress-induced apoptosis in SH-SY5Y cells.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Biochemistry, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute and the Laboratory of Clinical Science, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA.

Abstract

Using models of serum deprivation and 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP(+)), we investigated the mechanism by which thioredoxin (Trx) exerts its antiapoptotic protection in human neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y) and preconditioning-induced neuroprotection. We showed that SH-SY5Y cells are highly sensitive to oxidative stress and responsive to both extracellularly administered and preconditioning-induced Trx. Serum deprivation and MPP(+) produced an elevation in the hydroxyl radicals, malondialdehyde and 4-hydroxy-2,3-nonenal (HNE), causing the cells to undergo mitochondria-mediated apoptosis. Trx in the submicromolar range blocked the observed apoptosis via a multiphasic protection mechanism that includes the suppression of cytochrome c release (most likely via the induction of Bcl-2), the inhibition of procaspase-9 and procaspase-3 activation, and the elevated level of Mn-SOD. The reduced form of Trx suppresses the serum-free-induced hydroxyl radicals, lipid peroxidation, and apoptosis, indicating that H(2)O(2) is removed by Trx peroxidase. The participation of Trx in preconditioning-induced neuroprotection is supported by the observation that inhibition of Trx synthesis with antisense oligonucleotides or of Trx reductase drastically reduced the hormesis effect. This effect of Trx-mediated hormesis against oxidative stress-induced apoptosis is striking. It induced a 30-fold shift in LD(50) in the MPP(+)-induced neurotoxicity.

PMID:
11751890
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.M110701200
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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