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Bioinformatics. 2001 Dec;17(12):1246-7.

CONSEL: for assessing the confidence of phylogenetic tree selection.

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The Institute of Statistical Mathematics, 4-6-7 Minami-Azabu, Minatoku, Tokyo 106-8569, Japan.


CONSEL is a program to assess the confidence of the tree selection by giving the p-values for the trees. The main thrust of the program is to calculate the p-value of the Approximately Unbiased (AU) test using the multi-scale bootstrap technique. This p-value is less biased than the other conventional p-values such as the Bootstrap Probability (BP), the Kishino-Hasegawa (KH) test, the Shimodaira-Hasegawa (SH) test, and the Weighted Shimodaira-Hasegawa (WSH) test. CONSEL calculates all these p-values from the output of the phylogeny program packages such as Molphy, PAML, and PAUP*. Furthermore, CONSEL is applicable to a wide class of problems where the BPs are available.


The programs are written in C language. The source code for Unix and the executable binary for DOS are found at


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