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Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2001 Nov;41(3):99-106.

Cross-reaction between the genus-specific lipopolysaccharide antigen of Chlamydia spp. and the lipopolysaccharides of Porphyromonas gingivalis, Escherichia coli O119 and Salmonella newington: implications for diagnosis.

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Department of Microbiology, Medical University of Sofia, Zdrave 2 str.,1431, Sofia, Bulgaria.


Seven hybridoma clones, secreting monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against the genus-specific chlamydial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) antigen were obtained after immunization of BALB/c mice with formalin killed Chlamydia psittaci. The antigen-binding properties of the MAbs were characterized in different immunologic reactions with purified chlamydial elementary bodies and LPS antigens from S- and R-forms of Gram-negative bacteria. Four MAbs reacted with the heterologous LPS antigens of Salmonella R-mutants, Escherichia coli Re chemotype and Acinetobacter calcoaceticus. Two MAbs demonstrated in addition a significant reactivity with Porphyromonas gingivalis, E. coli O119 and Salmonella newington LPS in ELISA, dot-ELISA and passive hemolysis assay (for clone 204G9). One MAb cross-reacted only with Salmonella minnesota Re LPS in ELISA. In indirect immunofluorescent assay six MAbs produced bright green fluorescence with all tested chlamydial strains and five of them reacted with the Re and Rb2 chemotypes of S. minnesota. The results demonstrate a wide cross-reactivity of the produced MAbs with LPS antigens of various Gram-negative bacteria, posing the question for careful consideration and interpretation of serology results for Chlamydia spp.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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