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Acta Pharmacol Sin. 2001 Oct;22(10):918-22.

Verapamil, cyproheptadine, and anisodamine antagonized [Ca2+]i elevation induced by TNFalpha in a single endothelial cell.

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Department of Pathophysiology, Jining Medical College, Jining 272013,China.



To study the effect of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) on intracellular free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) and the effects of verapamil (Ver), cyproheptadine (Cyp), and anisodamine (Ani) on TNFalpha-induced [Ca2+]i changes in single endothelial cell, and to explore the mechanisms of TNFalpha-mediated shock and antishock actions of Cyp and Ani.


Human umbilical vein endothelial cell strains (ECV304) were seeded in 35-mm tissue culture dish with 2 mL DMEM culture medium. The cultured cells were loaded by Fluo-3/AM. The spatial distribution and the dynamic changes of [Ca2+]i in single endothelial cell were determined by laser scanning confocal microscopy.


After stimulation with TNFalpha, [Ca2+]i in single endothelial cell rapidly increased in a concentration-dependent manner and arrived at the peak value within 60 s, afterwards, decreased and kept above the basal level. The confocal scanning image showed that [Ca2+]i elevation was more obvious in nuclear than in cytoplasma and decreased slowly. Ver (1, 2 micromol/L), Cyp (30, 60 micromol/L), and Ani (20, 40 micromol/L) markedly inhibited TNFalpha 1.2 nmol/L-induced [Ca2+]i elevation.


TNFalpha markedly induces elevation of [Ca2+]i in a single endothelial cell, it may be an important mechanism of TNFalpha-induced shock and tissue injury. That Cyp and Ani obviously suppress TNFalpha-induced [Ca2+]i elevation probably is one of the mechanisms of their antishock effects.

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