Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Cell. 2001 Dec 14;107(6):727-38.

Methylation of histone H3 at Lys-9 is an early mark on the X chromosome during X inactivation.

Author information

1
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, NY 11724, USA. edith.heard@curie.fr

Abstract

Coating of the X chromosome by Xist RNA is an essential trigger for X inactivation. However, little is known about the early chromatin remodeling events that transform this signal into transcriptional silencing. Here we report that methylation of histone H3 lysine 9 on the inactive X chromosome occurs immediately after Xist RNA coating and before transcriptional inactivation of X-linked genes. X-chromosomal H3 Lys-9 methylation occurs during the same window of time as H3 Lys-9 hypoacetylation and H3 Lys-4 hypomethylation. Histone H3 modifications thus represent the earliest known chromatin changes during X inactivation. We also identify a unique "hotspot" of H3 Lys-9 methylation 5' to Xist, and we propose that this acts as a nucleation center for Xist RNA-dependent spread of inactivation along the X chromosome via H3 Lys-9 methylation.

PMID:
11747809
DOI:
10.1016/s0092-8674(01)00598-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Publication types, MeSH terms, Substances, Grant support

Publication types

MeSH terms

Substances

Grant support

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center