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Microb Pathog. 2001 Dec;31(6):309-17.

Comparison of structural changes of cell surface carbohydrates in the eustachian tube epithelium of chinchillas infected with a Streptococcus pneumoniae neuraminidase-deficient mutant or its isogenic parent strain.

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Division of Otologic Research, Department of Otolaryngology, Columbus, OH 43210, USA.


Six different lectin probes were used to examine alterations of the cell surface carbohydrates in the chinchilla eustachian tube (ET) lumen subsequent to the intranasal (i.n.) challenge with the Streptococcus pneumoniae parent strain, D39, or its isogenic derivative, DeltaNA1, which is deficient in neuraminidase NanA. The labelling pattern revealed that the binding of wheat germ agglutinin (WGA), Erythrina cristagalli lectin (ECL), peanut agglutinin (PNA), Bandeiraea simplicifolia lectin II (BSL II) and succinylated wheat germ agglutinin (SWGA) were increased in the lumenal surface of the ET in the D39 inoculated cohort compared to the uninfected control, which indicated that N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) and D-galactose residues were exposed. Concurrently, decreased labelling with Sambucus nigra agglutinin (SNA) indicated that there were few sialic acid residues remaining in the ET epithelium subsequent to i.n. inoculation with D39. The DeltaNA1 neuraminidase deficient mutant, however, did not induce any significant changes in the lectin labelling patterns, and was comparable to that of the control cohort. We propose that products of the nanA gene have a significant impact on the changes of the carbohydrate moieties in the ET epithelium and may be responsible for the previously reported increased ability of the D39 parent to colonize the nasopharynx and invade the middle ear.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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