Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Prostate. 2001 Dec 1;49(4):293-305.

Thrombospondin-1, vascular endothelial growth factor and fibroblast growth factor-2 are key functional regulators of angiogenesis in the prostate.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology-Immunology, Northwestern University Medical School, Chicago, IL 60611, USA. j-doll@northwestern.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Prostate cells secrete many molecules capable of regulating angiogenesis; however, which of these actually function as essential regulators of neovascularization is not yet clear.

METHODS:

Functional angiogenic mediators secreted by normal and diseased prostate cells were identified using an in vitro angiogenesis assay. These factors were quantified by immunoblot or ELISA and localized in tissue by immunohistochemistry.

RESULTS:

Normal prostate epithelial cell secretions were anti-angiogenic due to inhibitory thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) whereas this inhibitor was decreased in the pro-angiogenic secretions derived from benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and cancer cells. This pro-angiogenic activity depended primarily on fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) and/or vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) whose secretion was increased. Immunolocalization studies confirmed that the changes detected in vitro also occurred in vivo.

CONCLUSIONS:

During disease progression in the prostate, production of TSP-1, the major inhibitor, is down-regulated while that of stimulatory FGF-2 and/or VEGF rise, leading to the induction of the new vessels necessary to support tumor growth.

PMID:
11746276
DOI:
10.1002/pros.10025
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center