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Eur J Immunol. 2001 Dec;31(12):3469-74.

Both normal and leukemic B lymphocytes express multiple isoforms of the human Aiolos gene.

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Turku Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences and Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Turku, Turku, Finland.


Aiolos is a chromatin remodeling transcription regulator that plays an antiproliferative role in B lymphocyte function. In contrast to the related Ikaros factors, mammalian Aiolos has not been reported to generate splice variants. In addition, although human leukemic lymphoblasts express non-DNA-binding Ikaros isoforms with potential dominant negative effect on other interacting factors,the role of Aiolos in human lymphoid disorders has remained obscure. To address the question, why Aiolos should delineate from Ikaros in such a marked way, we have here analyzed whether also human Aiolos could generate alternate isoforms. According to the results obtained, both normal and neoplastic B lineage cells were found to express at least five novel Aiolos variants. Also structurally dominant negative variants with less than three DNA-binding domains were identified. In conclusion, given the multiplicity of also human Aiolos isoforms and thereby the evidently more intricate contribution of Aiolos to the chromatin remodeling machinery, it is suggested, that not only Ikaros, but also Aiolos could participate in a more versatile manner in the regulation of B lymphocyte function.

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