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Eur J Immunol. 2001 Nov;31(11):3153-64.

Lipopolysaccharide and ceramide docking to CD14 provokes ligand-specific receptor clustering in rafts.

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Institute for Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany.


The glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored receptor CD14 plays a major role in the inflammatory response of monocytes to lipopolysaccharide. Here, we describe that ceramide, a constituent of atherogenic lipoproteins, binds to CD14 and induces clustering of CD14 to co-receptors in rafts. In resting cells, CD14 was associated with CD55, the Fcgamma-receptors CD32 and CD64 and the pentaspan CD47. Ceramide further recruited the complement receptor 3 (CD11b/CD18) and CD36 into proximity of CD14. Lipopolysaccharide, in addition, induced co-clustering with Toll-like receptor 4, Fcgamma-RIIIa (CD16a) and the tetraspanin CD81 while CD47 was dissociated. The different receptor complexes may be linked to ligand-specific cellular responses initiated by CD14.

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