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J Biol Chem. 2002 Mar 1;277(9):6763-6. Epub 2001 Dec 13.

A sensitive and quantitative assay for measuring cleavage of presenilin substrates.

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1
Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Medical Nobel Institute, Karolinska Institutet, Von Eulers vag 3, SE-171 77 Stockholm, Sweden.

Abstract

The presenilin (PS) proteins are components of the gamma-secretase activity, which is central in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. Here we present a novel cell-based reporter gene assay for the quantification of PS-controlled gamma-secretase cleavage of the Alzheimer amyloid precursor protein (APP). We show that this assay offers several advantages, including increased sensitivity and specificity, improved quantification of cleavage, and simultaneous detection of all gamma-secretase cleavages in APP. Furthermore, the APP assay can be used in parallel with a similar assay that records gamma-secretase cleavage of a Notch receptor. The use of these assays to analyze the effects of two known gamma-secretase inhibitors and postulated PS active site mutants on APP and Notch processing demonstrated that inhibitors and mutants that differently affect Notch and APP cleavage can be identified rapidly. The possibility in using these assays for high throughput screening of candidate gamma-secretase inhibitors for APP and Notch in parallel opens up new vistas to systematically search for novel inhibitors that selectively block APP cleavage while not affecting Notch signaling.

PMID:
11744687
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.C100649200
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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