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Chem Res Toxicol. 2001 Dec;14(12):1620-8.

A protective role for cyclooxygenase-2 in drug-induced liver injury in mice.

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  • 1Molecular and Cellular Toxicology Section, Laboratory of Molecular Immunology, NHLBI, NIH, 9000 Rockville Pike, Building 10, Room 8N110, Bethesda, Maryland 20892-1760, USA. ReillyT@nhlbi.nih.gov

Abstract

Despite the utility of cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibition as an antiinflammatory strategy, prostaglandin (PG) products of COX-1 and -2 provide important regulatory functions in some pathophysiological states. Scattered reports suggest that COX inhibition may also promote adverse drug events. Here we demonstrate a protective role for endogenous COX-derived products in a murine model of acetaminophen (APAP)-induced acute liver injury. A single hepatotoxic dose caused the selective induction of COX-2 mRNA and increased PGD2 and PGE2 levels within the livers of COX(+/+) male mice suggesting a role for COX-2 in this model of liver injury. APAP-induced hepatotoxicity and lethality were markedly greater in COX-2(-/-) and (-/+) mice in which normal PG responsiveness is altered. The significantly increased toxicity linked to COX-2 deficiency could be mimicked using the selective COX-2 inhibitory drug, celecoxib, in COX(+/+) mice and was not due to alterations in drug-protein adduct formation, a surrogate for bioactivation and toxicity. Microarray analyses indicated that increased injury associated with COX-2 deficiency coincided, most notably, with a profoundly impaired induction of heat shock proteins in COX-2(-/+) mice suggesting that PGs may act as critical endogenous stress signals following drug insult. These findings suggest that COX-2-derived mediators serve an important hepato-protective function and that COX inhibition may contribute to the risk of drug-induced liver injury, possibly through both nonimmunological and immunological pathways.

PMID:
11743745
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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