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Biochem J. 2002 Jan 1;361(Pt 1):143-51.

Isolation and characterization of a Drosophila homologue of mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatase-3 which has a high substrate specificity towards extracellular-signal-regulated kinase.

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Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Institute of Genetic Science, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul 120-752, South Korea.


A partial C-terminal cDNA sequence of a novel Drosophila mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatase (MKP), designated DMKP-3, was identified from an epitope expressed sequence tag database, and the missing N-terminal cDNA fragment was cloned from a Drosophila cDNA library. DMKP-3 is a protein of 411 amino acids, with a calculated molecular mass of 45.8 kDa; the deduced amino acid sequence is most similar to that of mammalian MKP-3. Recombinant DMKP-3 produced in Escherichia coli retained intrinsic tyrosine phosphatase activity. In addition, DMKP-3 specifically inhibited extracellular-signal-regulated kinase (ERK) activity, but was without a significant affect on c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and p38 activities, when it was overexpressed in Schneider cells. DMKP-3 interacted specifically with Drosophila ERK (DERK) via its N-terminal domain. In addition, DMKP-3 specifically inhibited Elk-1-dependent trans-reporter gene expression in mammalian CV1 cells, and dephosphorylated activated mammalian ERK in vitro. DMKP-3 is uniquely localized in the cytoplasm within Schneider cells, and gene expression is tightly regulated during development. Thus DMKP-3 is a Drosophila homologue of mammalian MKP-3, and may play important roles in the regulation of various developmental processes.

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