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Nature. 2001 Dec 13;414(6865):738-42.

Himalayan tectonics explained by extrusion of a low-viscosity crustal channel coupled to focused surface denudation.

Author information

1
Department of Oceanography, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, B3H 4J1.

Abstract

Recent interpretations of Himalayan-Tibetan tectonics have proposed that channel flow in the middle to lower crust can explain outward growth of the Tibetan plateau, and that ductile extrusion of high-grade metamorphic rocks between coeval normal- and thrust-sense shear zones can explain exhumation of the Greater Himalayan sequence. Here we use coupled thermal-mechanical numerical models to show that these two processes-channel flow and ductile extrusion-may be dynamically linked through the effects of surface denudation focused at the edge of a plateau that is underlain by low-viscosity material. Our models provide an internally self-consistent explanation for many observed features of the Himalayan-Tibetan system.

PMID:
11742396
DOI:
10.1038/414738a

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