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AIDS. 2002 Jan 4;16(1):113-9.

Use of the sensitive/less-sensitive (detuned) EIA strategy for targeting genetic analysis of HIV-1 to recently infected blood donors.

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1
Blood Centers of the Pacific, San Francisco, California 94118, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To corroborate the validity of the recently developed sensitive/less sensitive (S/LS) dual enzyme immunoassay (EIA) strategy for the detection of recently infected individuals and to genetically analyze recently transmitted strains of HIV-1 in a US blood donor population.

DESIGN:

The S/LS EIA strategy was used to identify 33 recently infected subjects among 281 enrolled HIV-1 seropositive blood donors (from a total of 410 HIV-1 infected subjects identified from 5 230 463 blood donations screened by participating US blood centers in 1995-1996).

METHODS:

We analysed three host response and viral characteristics were associated with recent HIV-1 infection: rapidly increasing EIA optical density (OD) values, genetically homogeneous env gene quasispecies, and putative non-syncytium inducing env V3 loop sequences. The drug resistance genotypes of the recently transmitted strains were determined by DNA sequencing.

RESULTS:

Increasing EIA OD values, clonal HIV-1 quasispecies and V3 loop sequences with inferred NSI phenotypes were generally detected in LS EIA non-reactive samples. Thirty-two subtype B and one CRF02_AG recombinant HIV-1 were detected. Genetic evidence for drug resistance to zidovudine (K70R) and non-nucleoside analog reverse transcriptase inhibitors (V108I) was detected in one strain each, and three other strains showed the presence of accessory protease inhibitor resistance mutations.

CONCLUSIONS:

Immunologic and virologic results further substantiate the validity of the S/LS EIA strategy for the detection of recent infections and illustrate its use for targeting molecular and epidemiological investigations to incident cases identified from large cross-sectional screening programs, rather than the more costly and logistically difficult longitudinal studies.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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