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J Leukoc Biol. 2001 Dec;70(6):961-8.

Src family protein tyrosine kinase signaling mediates monosodium urate crystal-induced IL-8 expression by monocytic THP-1 cells.

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Veterans Affairs Medical Center and Rheumatology-Allergy/Immunology Division, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Diego 92161, USA.


Neutrophil-dependent inflammation dependent on monosodium urate (MSU) crystal-induced IL-8 expression occurs in gout. MSU crystals activate phagocyte Src family tyrosine kinases and the serine/threonine kinase p70s6k. Thus, using monocytic THP-1 cells, we assessed the potential for Src family kinases and p70s6k to mediate MSU-induced IL-8 expression. MSU crystals induced phosphorylation of p70s6k and the Src kinases c-Src, Lyn, Hck, and Fyn. IL-8 expression was attenuated more by the Src kinase inhibitor PP1 than by the p70s6k inhibitor rapamycin. PP1 inhibited crystal-induced phosphorylation of ERK1/2 and IkappaBalpha and suppressed IkappaB kinase (IKK) activation and NF-kappaB binding to the IL-8 promoter, signals that mediate MSU-induced IL-8 expression. Transfection of the native Src inhibitor, C-terminal Src kinase (Csk), also suppressed crystal-induced c-Src, ERK1/2, and IkappaBalpha phosphorylation and IL-8 expression. We conclude that Src family tyrosine kinase signaling plays a significant role in MSU crystal-induced IL-8 expression via stimulation of ERK1/2 pathway and NF-kappaB activation.

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