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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2001 Dec;86(12):5819-23.

Musculoskeletal analyses of the forearm in young women with Turner syndrome: a study using peripheral quantitative computed tomography.

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Children's Hospital, Dr. V. Haunersches Kinderspital, Ludwig-Maximilians University of Munich, 80337 Munich, Germany.


Turner syndrome (TS) is associated with multiple skeletal abnormalities. Fracture incidence appears to be increased, but the reasons for this are not entirely clear. In the present study, we used peripheral quantitative computed tomography to evaluate bone mass, density, geometry, and strength of the radial metaphysis and diaphysis as well as maximum forearm muscle cross-sectional area (CSA) in a group of 21 TS patients. These individuals were 19.5 +/- 2.3 yr of age (mean +/- SD; range, 16.2-25.4 yr) and had completed growth after having received GH therapy; all but one were receiving estrogen supplementation. Despite short stature, cross-sectional bone size was normal compared with age-matched healthy controls. However, bone mineral content was decreased, resulting in a low total volumetric bone mineral density. This was due to decreased cortical thickness at both sites of measurement, whereas trabecular volumetric bone mineral density of the metaphysis was normal. Muscular CSA was normal. The relationship between muscle CSA and external bone size was similar between TS patients and healthy young women. However, TS patients had less bone mineral content and cortical CSA relative to muscle CSA than healthy young women, but similar muscle-bone relationships as healthy prepubertal girls. These findings are compatible with a normal adaptation of external bone size to the mechanical loads imposed by the muscle system and a lack of pubertal effect on the endocortical bone surface, despite estrogen supplementation. Bone strength may not be adequate for the relatively high body weight of TS patients (+0.8 SD score), which could contribute to an increased propensity for fractures.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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