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Kidney Int. 2001 Dec;60(6):2385-91.

The interleukin-10 promoter genotype determines clinical immune function in hemodialysis patients.

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Medical Department IV, University Homburg/Saar, Germany.



Immune dysfunction and the impaired hepatitis B vaccination response are complications of chronic renal failure that are tightly associated with inflammation induced by uremia and blood-membrane contacts. Proinflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin (IL)-6, are counter-regulated by IL-10 with a large interindividual variability. Part of the variability of cytokine production is genetically determined since polymorphisms in the cytokine gene promoters lead to high or low production. The aim of this study was to detect the genetic influence of the IL-10 promoter on immune function of chronic hemodialysis patients.


The IL-10 genotype (polymorphic bases at positions -1082 and -819) was determined in 272 chronic hemodialysis patients using highly specific PCR and related to the patients' response to a triple vaccination against hepatitis B. Secretion of IL-10 and IL-6 by peripheral blood leucocytes in vitro was determined by ELISA.


The prevalence of the IL-10 genotypes in dialysis patients with well-preserved immune function (vaccination responders) was similar to the general population. In contrast, prevalence of the -1082G* allele (associated with high production of IL-10) was low in the nonresponders. The relative risk of vaccination nonresponse in patients homozygous for the -1082A* allele was 1.394 (95% CI, 1.091 to 1.781, P < 0.05) compared to those homozygous for -1082G*. There was no relationship between the IL-10 genotype and the type of renal disease.


The IL-10 genotype determines IL-10 production in dialysis patients, which down-regulates uremia- and dialysis-induced chronic inflammation and helps to preserve immune defense functions.

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