Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Clin Microbiol Infect. 2001 Nov;7(11):619-25.

Infectious complications and antibiotic use in renal transplant recipients during a 1-year follow-up.

Author information

1
Department of Medical Microbiology St Elisabeth Hospital, PO Box 747, Tilburg, 5000 AS, the Netherlands. b.maraha@elisabeth.nl

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate infectious complications and antibiotic use in 192 renal transplant recipients.

METHODS:

Infectious complications and antibiotic use were monitored in all patients receiving renal transplantation at our center from 1992 to 1997. Risk factors for infectious complications were evaluated. Transplants and patient survival were monitored. The follow-up period was 1 year.

RESULTS:

One-hundred and ninety-two patients received renal transplants during the study period. The mean duration of urethral catheterisation after transplantation was 10.5 days (SD = 5). Seventy-one per cent (n = 137) of patients had at least one infectious episode. In all, 284 infectious episodes were monitored. The most frequent infections were: urinary tract infections 61%, respiratory tract infections 8%, intra-abdominal infections 7%, and cytomegalovirus infection 8%. Escherichia coli and Enterococcus faecalis were the most frequently isolated microorganisms. Seventy-four per cent (n = 142) of patients received 314 antimicrobial courses (284 for therapy, and 30 for prophylaxis). Female gender and duration of urethral catheterisation were risk factors for urinary tract infection. Cytomegalovirus reactivation was associated with acute graft rejection and additional immunosuppressive therapy. Overall mortality was 4%. Infection-related mortality was 2.6%. Mortality was associated with Enterobacteriaceae in three patients, with Pseudomonas aeroginosa in one patient and with Enterococcus faecalis in one patient.

CONCLUSIONS:

The incidence of infectious complications remains high in renal transplant recipients. Most cases of mortality were associated with infections. Early removal of the urethral catheter to reduce the risk of urinary tract infections is recommended.

PMID:
11737086
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center