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Pharmacol Res. 2001 Dec;44(6):491-4.

In vitro antioxidant properties of dantrolene sodium.

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Department of Pharmacology, Medical Faculty, Atatürk University, Erzurum, Turkey.


Dantrolene sodium is a skeletal muscle relaxant, which inhibits intracellular Ca2+ release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum. The aim of this study is to examine possible in vitro antioxidant effects of dantrolene sodium. For this reason, the in vitro antioxidant effects of dantrolene sodium were studied using thiocyanate methods. Additionally, the reducing power and free radical scavenging activity were determined. Dantrolene sodium showed strong antioxidant activity in the linoleic acid emulsion system. The antioxidant activity increased with an increasing amount of dantrolene sodium (50, 100, 250 microg). The 50, 100 and 250 microg samples of dantrolene sodium showed 55%, 70% and 82% inhibition on peroxidation of linoleic acid, respectively. On the other hand, the 250 microg sample of alpha-tocopherol showed 62% inhibition of peroxidation of linoleic acid. Like antioxidant activity, the reducing power of dantrolene sodium increased in a dose-dependent manner. The reducing power of dantrolene was statistically significant vs control, but lower than butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) and quercetin. Although dantrolene sodium had free radical scavenging activity this was not statistically significant. In contrast to dantrolene sodium, quercetin and butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) had highly potent free radical scavenging activities and those were statistically significant. According to the these results, it may be said that antioxidant effect of dantrolene sodium is more related to its antioxidant activity in linoleic acid emulsion and reducing power, than to its free radical scavenging activity. These properties may be major reasons for the inhibition of lipid peroxidation.

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