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Growth Horm IGF Res. 2001 Oct;11(5):303-13.

Responses of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I and IGF-binding proteins to nutritional status in peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha knockout mice.

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  • 1Rolf Luft Center for Diabetes Research, Department of Molecular Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.


Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha) plays a central role in glucose and lipid homeostasis. Mice lacking PPARalpha(-/-) have a sexually dimorphic phenotype. We have characterized the IGF system in wild type and PPARalpha-/- mice. In normal mice fasting IGF-I and the IGFBP-3 ternary complex were 2-fold higher in males than in females. PPARalpha influenced the IGF/IGFBP response to feeding, particularly in males. Compared to wild type, male PPARalpha-/- mice had 40% lower total fasting IGF-I concentrations, decreased ALS and less IGFBP-3 ternary complex formation, but within 4 h of refeeding there was an increase in IGF-I and IGFBP-3 ternary complex to values similar to controls. Circulating IGFBP protease activity was induced in male PPARalpha-/- mice during refeeding. IGFBP-1 and insulin concentrations were higher in males than females, and were increased by PPARalpha knockout, suggesting significant hepatic insulin resistance. We speculate that gender differences in the IGF system contribute to the PPARalpha-/- phenotype.

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