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Genomics. 2001 Dec;78(3):178-84.

Nucleotide sequence, genomic organization, and chromosomal localization of genes encoding the human NMDA receptor subunits NR3A and NR3B.

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  • 1Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Section of Neurosurgery, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska Hospital R2:02, 17176 Stockholm, Sweden.


The N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors are glutamate-regulated ion channels that are critically involved in important physiological and pathological functions of the mammalian central nervous system. We have identified and characterized the gene encoding the human NMDA receptor subunit NR3A (GRIN3A), as well as the gene (GRIN3B) encoding an entirely novel subunit that we named NR3B, as it is most closely related to NR3A (57.4% identity). GRIN3A localizes to chromosome 9q34, in the region 13-34, and consists of nine coding exons. The deduced protein contains 1115 amino acids and shows 92.7% identity to rat NR3A. GRIN3B localizes to chromosome 19p13.3 and contains, as does the mouse NR3B gene (Grin3b), eight coding exons. The deduced proteins of human and mouse NR3B contain 901 and 900 amino acid residues, respectively (81.6% identity). In situ hybridization shows a widespread distribution of Grin3b mRNA in the brain of the adult rat.

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