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Genomics. 2001 Dec;78(3):129-34.

The Stat3/5 locus encodes novel endoplasmic reticulum and helicase-like proteins that are preferentially expressed in normal and neoplastic mammary tissue.

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Laboratory of Genetics and Physiology, National Institute of Diabetes, Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA.


The signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT) 5 and 3 are critical for mammary alveolar development during pregnancy and remodeling during involution. In the mouse, STAT3, STAT5a, and STAT5b are encoded by adjacent genes on chromosome 11 (60.5 cM). To identify additional genes in the Stat3/5 locus that may participate in normal and neoplastic development of the mammary gland, we have cloned and sequenced 500 kb and searched for genes preferentially expressed in mammary tissue. We identified six known genes and cloned two new genes, termed D11Lgp1 and D11Lgp2. Both genes are most highly expressed in normal mammary tissue and mammary tumors from several transgenic mouse models. LGP1 consists of 532 and 530 amino acids in mouse and human, respectively (88% similarity). A region in the carboxy-terminal half of LGP1 has limited homology with Arabidopsis thaliana GH3-like proteins. Immunofluorescence studies demonstrated that LGP1 is located in the nuclear envelope and the endoplasmic reticulum. LGP2 is a cytoplasmic protein of 678 amino acids.

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