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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2001 Dec 14;289(4):876-81.

Differential expression of the L-plastin gene in human colorectal cancer progression and metastasis.

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Biological Technology Laboratory, Helix Research Institute, Chiba, Japan.


To identify molecular alterations in the progression of colorectal carcinoma, we analyzed gene expression profiles of colon cancer cell lines derived from primary and metastatic tumors from a single patient. Of 2280 cDNAs investigated using our in-house microarray, the expression of 6 genes (tumor-associated antigen L6, L-plastin, the human homologue of yeast ribosomal protein S28, the B-cell translocation gene, mitochondrial aspartate-aminotransferase, and HLA-A) increased, while that of 2 genes (keratin 5 and phosphoglucomutase) decreased in metastatic-tumor-derived cells compared with primary-tumor-derived cells. Of these genes, we assessed the L-plastin gene, an actin-bundling protein, at the protein level using a tissue microarray consisting of 58 clinically stratified colorectal cancer specimens. Consistent with our microarray results, the expression of L-plastin was significantly correlated with the progression of cancer staging. Therefore, our results suggest that the L-plastin gene is a potential metastatic marker. In addition, combining cDNA microarrays and tissue arrays, as shown here, is thought to facilitate the rapid characterization of candidate biomarkers.

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