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Histochem Cell Biol. 2001 Nov;116(5):441-5. Epub 2001 Nov 1.

Immunohistochemical localization of beta 1-adrenergic receptors in the liver of male and female F344 rat.

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Dipartimento di Biologia, Facoltà di Scienze, Università di Milano, via Celoria 26, 20133, Milan, Italy.


The distribution of beta(1)-adrenergic receptors in the liver of Fischer 344 (F344) rat has been examined by an immunohistochemical method. The study was carried out on formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded livers from young adult, middle-aged, and old female and male F344 rats. An antibody specific for the beta(1)-adrenoreceptor subtype was used. A positive reaction was found in the liver parenchyma of female and male rats from all age groups. Within the liver lobule, a clear zonation is observed, with the beta(1)-adrenoreceptor positivity most evident in pericentral zone hepatocytes and a gradual fading of the immunostaining from pericentral to periportal zone hepatocytes, which may be completely negative. Immunoreactivity is localized on the cell membrane and on the membrane of peripheral cytoplasmic vesicles, and is mostly confined to the cell side facing vascular space. The intensity of immunostaining seems to be slightly higher in the 6- and 10-month-old female rats as compared to the matched male rats and to the senescent female rats. No age-related changes in the intensity of immunostaining are appreciable in male rats. However, no definite conclusion could be drawn about the existence of gender-related differences or age-related changes in the density of beta(1)-adrenoreceptors. A low density of beta1-adrenoreceptor was observed in the spontaneous preneoplastic lesions of the livers from senescent rats.

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