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Eur J Pharmacol. 2001 Nov 30;432(1):99-105.

Endotoxin impairs biliary transport of sparfloxacin and its glucuronide in rats.

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Faculty of Pharmacy, Meijo University, 150 Yagotoyama, Tenpaku-ku, 468-8503, Nagoya, Japan.


The effect of endotoxin on glucuronidation and hepatobiliary transport of quinolone antimicrobial agents was investigated in rats using sparfloxacin and p-nitrophenyl glucuronide as model drugs. The biliary clearance experiments were performed 24 h after a single intraperitoneal injection of endotoxin (1 mg/kg). Endotoxin significantly delayed the disappearance of sparfloxacin from plasma and increased plasma concentration of its glucuronide after intravenous injection of sparfloxacin (10 mg/kg). Significant decreases in the systemic clearance of sparfloxacin and the biliary clearance of sparfloxacin and the glucuronide were observed. Endotoxin had no effect on in vitro glucuronidation activity using p-nitrophenol as a substrate. When p-nitrophenyl glucuronide (8 mg/kg) was administered in endotoxin-pretreated rats, significant decreases in the systemic clearance, biliary clearance and renal clearance of p-nitrophenyl glucuronide were observed. These findings suggest that endotoxin decreases the biliary excretion of sparfloxacin and its glucuronide probably due to impairment of their hepatobiliary transport systems and renal handling.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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