Send to

Choose Destination
J Clin Invest. 2001 Dec;108(11):1705-15.

Chloride conductance and genetic background modulate the cystic fibrosis phenotype of Delta F508 homozygous twins and siblings.

Author information

Department of Pediatrics, Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.


To investigate the impact of chloride (Cl(-)) permeability, mediated by residual activity of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) or by other Cl(-) channels, on the manifestations of cystic fibrosis (CF), we determined Cl(-) transport properties of the respiratory and intestinal tracts in Delta F508 homozygous twins and siblings. In the majority of patients, cAMP and/or Ca(2+)-regulated Cl(-) conductance was detected in the airways and intestine. Our finding of cAMP-mediated Cl(-) conductance suggests that, in vivo, at least some Delta F508 CFTR can reach the plasma membrane and affect Cl(-) permeability. In respiratory tissue, the expression of basal CFTR-mediated Cl(-) conductance, demonstrated by 30% of Delta F508 homozygotes, was identified as a positive predictor of milder CF disease. In intestinal tissue, 4,4'-diisothiocyanatostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid-insensitive (DIDS-insensitive) Cl(-) secretion, which is indicative of functional CFTR channels, correlated with a milder phenotype, whereas DIDS-sensitive Cl(-) secretion was observed mainly in more severely affected patients. The more concordant Cl(-) secretory patterns within monozygous twins compared with dizygous pairs imply that genes other than CFTR significantly influence the manifestation of the basic defect.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for American Society for Clinical Investigation Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center