Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Pathol. 2001 Dec;159(6):1987-92.

BRD4 bromodomain gene rearrangement in aggressive carcinoma with translocation t(15;19).

Author information

  • 1Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.


Translocation t(15;19)(q13;p13.1) defines a lethal midline carcinoma arising adjacent to respiratory tract in young people. To characterize molecular alterations responsible for the distinctly aggressive biological behavior of this cancer, we mapped the chromosome 15 and 19 translocation breakpoints by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and Southern blotting. To evaluate preliminarily the frequency, anatomical distribution, and histological features of t(15;19) cancer, we developed a FISH assay for paraffin sections. Our findings reveal a novel oncogenic mechanism in which the chromosome 19 translocation breakpoint interrupts the coding sequence of a bromodomain gene, BRD4. These studies implicate BRD4 as a potential partner in a t(15;19)-associated fusion oncogene. In addition, we localized the chromosome 15 breakpoint to a 9-kb region in each of two cases, thereby identifying several candidate oncogenes which might represent the BRD4 fusion partner. FISH evaluation of 13 pediatric carcinomas revealed t(15;19) in one of four sinonasal carcinomas, whereas this translocation was not detected in thymic (n = 3), mucoepidermoid (n = 3), laryngeal (n = 2), or nasopharyngeal (n = 1) carcinomas. Our studies shed light on the oncogenic mechanism underlying t(15;19) and provide further evidence that this highly lethal cancer arises from respiratory mucosa.

Comment in

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center