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FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2001 Nov 13;204(2):387-90.

Folic acid utilisation related to sulfa drug resistance in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

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CSIRO Health Sciences and Nutrition, Parkville, Vic., Australia.


Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutants deficient in folate synthesis have been constructed and employed to study the utilisation of exogenous folates in yeast. One mutant specifically lacked dihydropteroate synthase while the second lacked dihydrofolate synthase. Exogenous folinic acid restored optimal growth to both strains. Folic acid did not generally rescue growth but spontaneous isolates capable of utilising folic acid were selected. The folic acid synthesis pathway in the folate utilising isolates was restored via transformation with FOL1 or FOL3 expression plasmids and transformants were tested for resistance to sulfamethoxazole (SMX). The presence of elevated levels of folic acid led to greatly reduced SMX sensitivity regardless of whether strains were folate utilisers or not.

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