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JAMA. 1975 Feb 17;231(7):718-22.

Oral contraceptives and stroke in young women. Associated risk factors.

[No authors listed]

Abstract

Oral contraceptive use alone, in the absence of smoking, hypertension, or migraine, significantly increases the risk of stroke. Regardless of use or nonuse of these agents, hypertension is a risk factor for development of either thrombotic or hemorrhagic stroke. Regular cigarette smoking and a history of symptoms indicative of migraine also increase the likelihood of one or the other type of stroke, but more information is needed before a definite relationship can be established between these clinical factors and cerebrovascular disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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