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FEBS Lett. 2001 Nov 23;508(3):365-8.

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs inhibit matrix metalloproteinase-2 expression via repression of transcription in lung cancer cells.

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Institute of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Taiwan.


Recent studies show that up-regulation of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in human cancer cells induces activation of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and increase of metastatic potential. In this study, we investigate the effect of a COX-2 selective inhibitor, NS398, on the expression and enzymatic activity of MMPs in human lung cancer cells. We found that NS398 inhibited MMP-2, not MMP-9, mRNA expression. NS398 also reduced the amount of MMP-2, not MMP-9, released into the medium. Additionally, this COX-2 inhibitor attenuated the degrading activity of MMP-2 as demonstrated by gelatin zymography. Investigation of cellular MMP-2 by Western blotting indicated that synthesis and processing of MMP-2 was significantly suppressed by NS398. We performed promoter activity assay to address whether NS398 might affect MMP-2 gene transcription. Our results indicated that NS398 directly inhibited MMP-2 promoter activity. However, the inhibitory effect of NS398 is not fully dependent on inhibition of COX-2 because a high concentration of NS398 was needed to suppress MMP-2 expression and addition of prostaglandin E2 only partially reversed the action of NS398. Moreover, a non-selective COX inhibitor indomethacin also suppressed the expression of MMP-2. Taken together, these results indicate that non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs suppress MMP-2 expression via repression of transcription and support the notion that COX inhibitors may be useful in inhibition and/or prevention of metastasis.

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