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Curr Biol. 2001 Nov 27;11(23):1891-5.

CPR5 is involved in cell proliferation and cell death control and encodes a novel transmembrane protein.

Author information

1
University of Köln, Botanical Institute III, Gyrhofstr. 15, 50931 Köln, Germany.

Abstract

Plants often respond to pathogens by sacrificing cells at the infection site. This type of programmed cell death is mimicked by the constitutive pathogene response5 (cpr5) mutant in Arabidopsis in the absence of pathogens, suggesting a role for CPR5 in programmed cell death control. The analysis of the cellular phenotypes of two T-DNA-tagged cpr5 alleles revealed an additional role for CPR5 in the regulation of endoreduplication and cell division. In cpr5 mutant trichomes, endoreduplication cycles stop after two rounds instead of four, and trichome cells have fewer branches than normal. Eventually, cpr5 trichomes die, the nucleus disintegrates, and the cell collapses. Similarly, leaf growth stops earlier than in wild-type, and, frequently, regions displaying spontaneous cell death are observed. The cloning of the CPR5 gene revealed a novel putative transmembrane protein with a cytosolic domain containing a nuclear-targeting sequence. The dual role of CPR5 in cell proliferation and cell death control suggests a regulatory link between these two processes.

PMID:
11728314
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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