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Nat Genet. 2001 Dec;29(4):426-34.

Genes required for ionizing radiation resistance in yeast.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Molecular Genetics, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709, USA.

Abstract

The ability of Saccharomyces cerevisiae to tolerate ionizing radiation damage requires many DNA-repair and checkpoint genes, most having human orthologs. A genome-wide screen of diploid mutants homozygous with respect to deletions of 3,670 nonessential genes revealed 107 new loci that influence gamma-ray sensitivity. Many affect replication, recombination and checkpoint functions. Nearly 90% were sensitive to other agents, and most new genes could be assigned to the following functional groups: chromatin remodeling, chromosome segregation, nuclear pore formation, transcription, Golgi/vacuolar activities, ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation, cytokinesis, mitochondrial activity and cell wall maintenance. Over 50% share homology with human genes, including 17 implicated in cancer, indicating that a large set of newly identified human genes may have related roles in the toleration of radiation damage.

PMID:
11726929
DOI:
10.1038/ng778
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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