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Mil Med. 2001 Nov;166(11):1018-22.

Medical and psychological aspects of infertility and assisted reproductive technology for the primary care provider.

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Women Veterans Program Manager, Veterans Administration Maryland Health Care System, 10 North Greene Street, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA.


Couples attempting to conceive are requiring more assisted reproductive technology. Infertility may be associated with delayed onset of marriage and childbearing, smoking and alcohol excess, physiological factors such as endometriosis and varicocele, or a cause that is not identified. The psychological needs of couples, however, are often overlooked. Primary care providers can serve as the initial information source and guide for the couple struggling with infertility. In a managed care environment, a primary care provider can provide a considerable amount of education, referral for stress management and counseling, and a small portion of the medical evaluation before referring to a reproductive specialist. This overview is intended to help primary care providers and couples achieve an educated and less stressful assisted reproductive technology experience. It is not meant to circumvent the need for immediate referral to a reproductive specialist for evaluation and treatment of this very complex intervention.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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